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HNK Hajduk Split history

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HNK Hajduk Split is a Croatian football club founded in 1911 and based in the city of Split. The club's home ground since 1979 is the 35,000-seater Poljud Stadium and the team's traditional home colours are white shirts with blue shorts and socks.
Between the early 1920s and 1940 Hajduk regularly participated in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia national championship. Following World War II and the formation of the Yugoslav league system in 1946 Hajduk went on to spend the entire SFR Yugoslavia period in top level. Their run continued following the breakup of Yugoslavia as the club joined the Croatian First League in its inaugural season in 1992. They are one of the most successful teams in Croatia and ex-Yugoslavia, having won nine Yugoslav and six Croatian league championships, in addition to nine Yugoslav and five Croatian cup titles.
The club's main rivals are Dinamo Zagreb, and a match between the two is referred to as the "Eternal Derby".

All articles about soccer club HNK Hajduk Split can be read here:


History
Origins
Part 1, soccer start till 1915



Part 2, 1915 - 1929


Part 3, 1930 - 1939


The club was founded in the centuries-old pub U Fleků in Prague (then also part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire), by a group of students from Split: Fabijan Kaliterna, Lucijan Stella, Ivan Šakić and Vjekoslav Ivanišević. They went to the pub following a match between AC Sparta and SK Slavia and decided it was time their own town founded a professional club. They all knew how popular the sport was in Split (their home), and how well their friends there played.
The club was officially registered with the authorities on February 13, 1911. While trying to come up with a name for the club, the students went to an old teacher Josip Barač for advice, and according to accounts he told them to take the name "Hajduk" which symbolized "that which is best in our people: bravery, humanity, friendship, love of freedom, defiance to powers, and protection of the weak. Be worthy of that great name."
Hajduks were romanticized bandits that fought the rule of the Ottoman Turks. It is speculated that famed hajduk Andrija Šimić, who triumphantly arrived in Split in 1902 to cheering crowds (after a long stint in an Austrian prison), was perhaps the inspiration for the name. The founders subsequently designed the club's emblem and a group of Catholic nuns from a monastery in Split created copies which were distributed to fans.
Hajduk gathered the pro-Croat party of citizens of Split, Croat unionists or puntari. That is why the club specifically has the name "hrvatski nogometni klub" (Croatian football club) and has the Croatian coat-of-arms in its crest. The club itself was against the Austrian-Hungarian government's policy of not allowing the unification of the Croatian provinces and keeping them separated (the government and the emperor did not allow the reunion of Dalmatia with the rest of Croatia). Hajduk's first opponent were Calcio Spalato, the club of an autonomist party from in Split, and the match ended with a 9-0 (6-0) victory for Hajduk. The first to score for Hajduk was Šime Raunig.
In 1912, Hajduk played their first match in Zagreb against the "HASK football club, and lost 3-2. The first international match against an eminent opponent was held in 1913 against the Czech squad Slavia Prague, which at that time were one of the strongest squads in Europe. Hajduk ended up losing the game by 1-13 (0-13). After the formation of the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, Hajduk first played in Yugoslav league in 1923, but they did not rank too well at the end of that season. In their first international match Hajduk defeated Olympique Marseille by 3-2. In 1933, eleven years after their first match, Hajduk defeated HASK 7-1.
Hajduk reached their first period of glory in the late twenties, when they won two Yugoslav championships (1927 and 1929), which earned them a slot in the Central European Cup. Some of the best players in that period were Leo Lemešić and Vladimir Kragić. During the 6 January Dictatorship the adjective "Croatian" in "Croatian Football Club" was forcibly replaced by the adjective "Yugoslav" to the dismay of the team. Furthermore, the 1930s proved disastrous for Hajduk, as they won no tournaments or championships, and only had some success in foreign matches. They did manage to win one title during the Banovina of Croatia era in 1940-41.

World War II
Part 4, 1940 - 1945


In April 1941, during World War II, Yugoslavia was invaded, occupied, and carved-up by the Axis powers, with Split being annexed directly into Italy. Residents and players were both opposed to the assimilation to Italy, thus the club ceased to compete in defiance throughout the occupation of Split, declining an offer to join the Italian first division (under the name "AC Spalato"). After capitulation of Italy in 1943, the Partisans temporarily liberated Split and disarmed the Italian garrison, but the Germans re-occupied the city and granted it to the fascist puppet government of the Independent State of Croatia (NDH) they had installed in Zagreb in 1941. The attitude of the club did not change when the NDH authorities attempted to include Hajduk in the Independent State of Croatia Cup; the NDH earned resentment in Split for allying and partitioning them to Italy. With the Allies occupying southern Italy and controlling the Mediterranean, the Adriatic islands became a haven for the resistance (prompting Hajduk's move there in 1944.)
The club's players then joined the Partisan general headquarters on the island of Vis in the Adriatic sea. On 7 May 1944 on the Feast of Saint Duje, the patron saint of Split, Hajduk began playing again as the official football team of the Yugoslav resistance. They competed with Allied service football teams from across the Adriatic in Italy, where they famously defeated the British in a friendly match. At this time, the club leadership adopted the Partisans' red star as the badge on the white-and-blue club dress. During 1945, Hajduk embarked on a tourney through Egypt, Palestine, Lebanon, Syria and Malta. In Lebanon, Charles de Gaulle gave Hajduk the title of honorary team of Free France.
With its proficiency and its "unique Dalmatian spirit", the club reportedly impressed Tito, who frequently attended matches. After the war, he invited Hajduk to move to the Yugoslav capital Belgrade and become the official Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) team, but Hajduk refused, wanting to continue to play in their hometown of Split. The club, however, continued to enjoy the reputation of "Tito's favorite" long after the war, and it was because of the friendly relationship with the resistance which benefited Hajduk in numerous ways. Among other things it was one of the few Yugoslav football clubs (and the only prominent one), not to be disbanded after the war by the communist government (as was the case with a number of other clubs, especially prominent ones such as BSK, Građanski, Jugoslavija, Concordia, HAŠK, and Slavija).

1945-1991
Part 5, 1945 - 1969


Part 6, 1970 - 1991


After World War II, Hajduk continued to play in the Yugoslav championship and Cup. In 1946, they won Croatian championship and established the magazine "Journal of Hajduk". In 1948–1949, Hajduk visited Australia and became the first team from Yugoslavia who played on all continents. The club won the 1950 Yugoslav championship without a single loss, where it set a record that no one had yet accomplished. On 28 October 1950, a day before the decisive match against Red Star (a 2–1 win), the official fan organization Torcida was founded, It was created by engineering student Vjenceslav Žuvela, who chose the name after the enthusiastic Brazilian fans, and Torcida become the first organized group of supporters in Europe. The following year, the "Stari Plac" stadium was reconstructed.
Consequent seasons showed Hajduk's supremacy, but also the political manipulations to prevent them winning the championships. For one, Torcida was viewed as a hostile club by the communist authorities, which posed a risk to the national consciousness of the new Yugoslavian state. Hajduk's leadership was sanctioned, the team's captain expelled from the communist party, and Vjenceslav Žuvela was imprisoned. Also, in the winter break of the 1952–53 season, Hajduk went on tour to South America; following an invitation from Juan Perón, they extended their stay there. This caused them to come home late, but instead of a "delay of game" in the championship, they faced defeats against BSK and Spartak Subotica as their youth team played those games. Although Hajduk later beat Red Star in Belgrade 4–1, Red Star became the champions. Next season saw a similar occurrence with players Vladimir Beara and Bernard Vukas arriving late for national team training and receiving a month-long ban from the game. Without these essential players Hajduk lost important matches, and Dinamo won the championship. All this prompted the club legend Frane Matošić to storm a meeting of the Yugoslav Football Association quipping, "Do you at least have a gram of integrity?". On 3 April 1955 in Zagreb, Hajduk defeated Dinamo 6–0, which is the biggest win in the derby between the two largest Croatian clubs. In 1955, Hajduk won the championship, the Football Association of Yugoslavia sent Hajduk as the champions to the Mitropa Cup, while Partizan was chosen to participate in the inaugural European Cup. The 1960s were some of the hardest times in Hajduk's history, including one occasion when they were nearly relegated to the second league after five-point deduction in the 1965–66 season due to Planinić affair. In that period they only managed to win a single trophy - the 1967 cup, which was also their first triumph in that competition.
From 1970–1980 Hajduk had some of its best years in SFR Yugoslavia. The "Golden Generation" won five consecutive cups and three championships in the period from 1972 to 1979. It was the third most successful club in Yugoslavia, far outstripping the rest, including NK Dinamo. In 1972, they won the title after 16 years, defeating Partizan 4–3 after losing 0–3. At that time they played Petar Nadoveza (who finished his career at the beginning of the decade), goalkeeper Ivan Katalinić (later a successful coach for the team), Dragan Holcer, Jurica Jerković, Luka Peruzović, Vilson Džoni, Brane Oblak, Dražen Mužinić, Ivica Šurjak, Ivan Buljan, Slaviša Žungul and upcoming stars were the brothers Zoran and Zlatko Vujović. There was the legendary coach Tomislav Ivić, who won three championships and four Cups. With great success in domestic competitions (nine trophies in 10 years) and international competitions, Hajduk lost a semi-final Cup Winners' Cup match against Leeds United in 1973.
In 1979, Hajduk moved to the newly designed stadium at Poljud. However, the 1980s were noticeably less successful. Success abroad was often better than at home, and during that decade Hajduk defeated such teams as Valencia, Bordeaux, etz, Stuttgart, Torino, Olympique de Marseille and Manchester United (whose defeat in a friendly match on Poljud was one of the biggest guest in the history). Prominent players were Blaž Slišković, the popular "Baka", Zoran Vulić, Aljoša Asanović, and Ivan Gudelj.
On 8 May 1991, Hajduk won the Yugoslav Cup final, defeating the former European Champions Red Star 1–0 with the only goal scored by Alen Bokšić. It was during this time that Croatia declared its independence from Yugoslavia. Hajduk was finally able to restore its traditional emblem with the Croatian chequy but without the red star.

Hajduk in the HNL
Part 7, 1992 - 2006


In the first four years of the HNL (the Croatian football league), Hajduk became far more successful than rivals from Zagreb, winning three league titles, as well reaching the Champions League quarter-finals. However, as the team was doing so well, the club was poorly managed financially, at that time it had a blocked account, which is still a huge burden. When the Croatian national team came third at the 1998 World Cup in France, amongst the starting 11, there were five former Hajduk players.
For the next five years Hajduk Split stood in the shadow of wealthier and politically privileged rivals from Zagreb, the Champions League was no longer within reach. From the Champions League to the year 2000, not a single trophy was won. After the failure of the domestic and international scene, fans began to seek the dismissal of administration officials, and circulated the story about the possible privatization of the club, which at that time did not happen. While Croatia Zagreb(today Dinamo) won titles, Hajduk had problems with the registration of players for the League. Dissatisfaction amongst the fans grew so much that some broke into the club premises, causing a change in leadership and promises of new beginnings. 2001 saw Croatia Zagreb fall and Hajduk become champions once more. Unfortunately, financial conditions in the club were dire, the club was often on the precipice of bankruptcy and collapse.
Before the 2003-04 season, Igor Štimac became the sports director; he promised Hajduk would go to the Cup and Champions League, he also sold a few important players and bought lesser ones, arguing the club needed to build itself up. In 2005 Hajduk bought Dinamo's captain Niko Kranjčar and former Dinamo coach and legend Miroslav Blažević. With these high profile changes Hajduk entered the season, but soon all the club's problems with its leadership showed. Hajduk finished fifth without qualifying for the European tournament the following year with the rotation of the huge number of players of dubious quality. Three coaches were hired and sacked and Igor Stimac left as sports director. Next season, the constant changing of players and coaches took its toll, Hajduk ended the year on a sour note. The club then purchased big stars such as Igor Tudor and Cernat in hopes of boosting the club, but this strategy did not work, and soon coach Ivan Pudar was fired. Two years later Hajduk was fifth in the championship.
In June 2008, Mate Peroš was elected president of Hajduk. He changed the entire professional staff, and reorganized the administration, the results were noticeable. Hajduk had its first victory against Dinamo at the Maksimir Stadium (2-0) after five and a half years and the first with more than a one goal difference in 48 years. Hajduk finished that season in second place behind Dinamo Zagreb and played in the final of the Croatian Cup.
Next season Hajduk became a joint stock company with Joško Svaguša as the new president. Ivica Kalinić came to Hajduk but resigned due to a heart attack. Edoardo Reja was to come to Hajduk, but in February he was signed by Lazio, so Hajduk signed Stanko Poklepović and finished the season in second place, once again behind Dinamo, and won the Croatian Cup in the final against Šibenik.
On 12 February 2011, Hajduk commemorated its 100th birthday with a massive celebration in Split and all of Dalmatia with both Hajduk players and fans honouring the club. The entire city was decorated with Hajduk banners, flags, posters and paraphernalia, and there was a spectacular firework show over Split.

Honours
Championship
Croatia Prva HNL: 6
1992, 1994, 1995, 2001, 2004, 2005

Yugoslav First League: 9
1927, 1929, 1950, 1952, 1955, 1971, 1974, 1975, 1979

Banovina of Croatia: 1
1941

Socialist Republic of Croatia: 2
1945, 1946

Domestic cups
Croatian Cup: 5
1993, 1995, 2000, 2003, 2010

Croatian Supercup: 5
1992, 1993, 1994, 2004, 2005

Yugoslav Cup: 9
1967, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1976, 1977, 1984, 1987, 1991

Best European results
UEFA Champions League
Quarter-final: 1975–76, 1979–80, 1994–95

UEFA Cup
Semi-final: 1983–84

UEFA Cup Winners' Cup
Semi-final: 1972–73

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